Awami Muslim League (Urdu: عوامی مسلم لیگ) is a political party which was established in 1949 after two years of Pakistan’s birth in partition of British India.During this period, During this period, Dhaka was part of East Pakistan’s eastern province of Pakistan.Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy, Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, Shamsul Haque, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and others, along with a part of Muslim League, established this political party.
Awami Muslim League was established as a Bengali alternative to the ruling Muslim League of Pakistan. This political party is very popular in East Pakistan to gain popularity.Eventually, in the fight against the military and political establishment of West Pakistan, Bengalis were being led as an active organization for the sake of nationalism.In 1953, under the chairmanship of Maulana Bhasani, the Council of the Awami Muslim League held a decision to exclude the term ‘Muslim’ from the name of the party.Awami League was changing name of the party and remove the muslim word.But for what reason the word is excluded from the word, it is presumed that, because of the word Muslim, the decision of the Muslims due to the smell of communalism.In fact, many think that it was done from a political dispute.Otherwise, there is the Awami League formed by Maula Bhasani and later.Even today, the party does not celebrate the anniversary of his birth or death.Although many leaders are reversed by it.
On 23 June 1949, KM Das Lane of old Dhaka was introduced in the Rose Garden, after almost two decades of Awami League, which was independently led by Bangladesh.
Regarding the establishment of the East Pakistan Muslim Awami League, Bangabandhu wrote in his unfinished autobiography (‘অসমাপ্ত আত্মজীবনী ), “The work of conference was started at the house of Humayun’s Rose Garden, without getting anywhere or place.”
Sher-e-Bangla AK Fazlul Huq, the then political leaders, were present in the Rose Garden on that day.
Bangabandhu writes, “All agreed and formed new political institutions; His name is ‘East Pakistan Awami League’.
“I thought Pakistan was gone. There is no need for communal political organization. There will be a non-communal political institution, which will have a fair manifesto. ”
In 1952 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman became the acting general secretary of the organization. In the following year, Bangabandhu was elected the General Secretary of East Pakistan Awami Muslim League in the ‘Mukul’ Theater in Dhaka. Sheikh Mujib was the general secretary of the organization for 13 years until 1966.
Even though the Awami Muslim League started its journey, the word ‘Muslim’ was excluded from the 1955 Council on non-communal sentiment. The new name is ‘East Pakistan Awami League’. After independence, the party named ‘Bangladesh Awami League’ took its name.
After the establishment of political struggle, formation of the United Front and victory in the election of 1954, the Awami League became the Awami League in the 50’s by the main political power of East Pakistan.
However, the founding president Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani left the party in 1957 for political differences and formed the National Awami Party (NAP).
After the establishment of the 42-point program with special emphasis on provincial autonomy, Awami League took the initiative.
Initially, the main demands of the party included Bengal’s recognition as state language, one person’s one vote, democracy, constitution of parliament, parliamentary system government, regional autonomy and the elimination of discrimination between two regions of the then Pakistan.
On 4 December 1953, the Awami Muslim League formed a united front with the Krishak Sramik Party, the Pakistan Democratic Party and Pakistan Khalafat Party.
In the elections of 1954, Awami Muslim League played a key role in forming United Front with other groups to oust the Muslim League.
The United Front won 223 seats out of 237 seats in the East Pakistan Council elections held from 8th to 12th March of that year. In the meantime, ‘East Pakistan Awami Muslim League’ got 143 seats.
Under the 24-year Pakistan regime, Awami Muslim League was ruling in the province of two years under the leadership of Ataur Rahman Khan and the 13-month coalition government partner in the center led by Hussein Shahid Suhrawardy was a partner.
In 1957, there was a split in the party due to differences in foreign policy. On 7 and 8 February of that year, the events of division in Kagmari became clear. In this situation, Maulana Bhasani formed a new political party named National Awami Party (NAP).
Later, under the leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, this group created a place of confidence among the people by launching anti-military protests. In 1966, Bangabandhu, who was named as the certificate of freedom of Bengal, gave six points. Awami League won the 70th election on the basis of six phases.
Then the Pakistani army started the attack, the Awami League led the liberation war. After nine months of bloody struggle in the absence of Bangabandhu in prison, Bangladesh came under attack in the world map.
On August 15, 1975, Bangabandhu was killed in the family’s torture and oppression after the assassination of the four national leaders in the prison on November 3 and the killing of the family on November 3, the traditional organization. Discrimination also occurs among leaders.
Awami Muslim League of Pakistan
At present there is a political party named Awami Muslim League led by Sheikh Rashid Ahmed in Pakistan. It was established in June 2008. Sheikh Rashid Ahmed was the railway minister of Pakistan government from the year 2006 to 2008. Besides, he was in charge of the ministry of labor and manpower, information and broadcasting, industry, sports, culture, tourism and investment etc. before establish this party
Abu Jafar Shamsuddin, Attosmriti (আত্মস্মৃতি) (1st volume), Dhaka, 2011