Origin and development of the legislative organs

legislative organs

Ancient Legislative Organs. Representative legislative assemblies as we know them today are of comparatively recent origin. Montesquieu observed that the ancients had no notion of a legislative assembly composed of representatives of the people. In the states of antiquity the legislative power was not delegated to small select bodies of representatives but was exercised by … Read more

Distribution of the powers of government

Distribution of the powers of government

Distribution of the powers of government. The Two-Power Theory. Strictly speaking, the powers of government may be classified as first, those which consist in the formulation and expression of the will of the state, and, second, those which have to do with the execution of the will thus expressed. The first power may be comprehended … Read more

Factors which determine the value of the electoral privilege

Factors which determine the value of the electoral privilege

Factors which determine the value of the electoral privilege. First, the Number of Elective officers. Manifestly the value of the suffrage and the power which its possessor is capable of wielding through -its exercise depend upon several conditions. In the first place, it necessarily varies in proportion to the number of elective officers and the … Read more

Existing Suffrage Requirements

Existing Suffrage Requirements

Existing Suffrage Requirements . Exceptions to the Principle of Universal Suffrage : While the principle of what is commonly described as universal suffrage at least for male citizens and in the great majority of countries for women also has now become the general rule, it is hardly necessary to say that the principle is not … Read more

Women suffrage

Women suffrage

Arguments¬† against the Political Enfranchisement of Women suffrage. Hand in hand with the spread of democracy and the extension of the Suffrage to the masses of the male population has gone the movement for the political enfranchisement of women. At the time of the French Revolution when the dogma of universal suffrage was at its … Read more

The Constitution of the electorate

The Constitution of the electorate

The Constitution of the electorate. Regarding the constitution of the electorate who should enjoy the franchise and who should be denied it-both theory and practice have materially varied in different epochs and in different countries. Perhaps the most remarkable phenomenon in the history of democracy in the past century has been the steady evolution of … Read more

Nature of the electoral function

Nature of the electoral function

Importance of the Electoral Function. The Constitution of the electorate and the organization of the processes through which it exercises its functions are questions of paramount importance in a system of representative government, for the reason that it constitutes the very foundation and essence of that system. As will be pointed out in the following … Read more

Succession of government forms

Succession of government forms

Succession of government forms. Historically prevalent forms of government include monarchy, aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, theocracy, tyranny and more. The main aspect of any philosophy of government is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession. Theories of Early Writers : No state has retained the same … Read more

Other Forms of Government

Other Forms of Government

Other Forms of Government. Previews article we discuss different type of government like cabinet government, presidential, federal, and unitary government, Now we discus other type of government . Confederate Government : Confederate government may be defined as a system in which each member state of a confederation retains its own sovereignty and has such form … Read more

Unitary And Federal Government

Unitary And Federal Government

Unitary And Federal Government. Unitary Government considered from the point of View of the concentration and distribution of power and the relation between the central and local authorities, governments may be classified as unitary (or centralized) and federal. Where the Whole power of government is conferred by the constitution upon a, single central organ or … Read more