Russian Revolution 1917 Definition, Causes, Summary, & Facts: The “Russian Revolution” combined the names of the two revolutions organized in 1917. Through this revolution the Zaar regime in Russia ended and the emergence of the Soviet Union. In February 1917 (March by the Gregorian calendar), the Russian Empire broke through the first revolution, and an interim government was formed by overthrowing the last Emperor Nicholas. The Bolshevik (communist) government was established by overthrowing the interim government through the Second Revolution.Civil war broke out between Bolshevik (“Red”) and anti-socialists (“White”) and other non-Bolshevik socialists. This war lasted several years and Bolsheviks defeated their opponents. This victory of Bolsheviks opened the way for the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) in 1922.
Russian Revolution of 1917- Definition,Causes,Summary & Facts:
The Russia Revolution of 1905 was called the main controller of the February Revolution of February 1917. The events of Bloody Sunds were the beginning of the protest. A labor council, St. Petersburg gave birth to these disorders. At the same time, the political movement of the Communist movement began.World War II made the Russians uncompromising to Nicholas II. This is one of the reasons behind the revengeful of the communists against the rival opponents. With the advent of the Ottoman Empire in central power in 1914, the important trade routes of Russia were barred with the Turkish empire. This resulted in a little economic crisis, which in turn resulted in Russia failing to deliver arms and supplies to its forward troops in the war in 1917.
It was an administrative problem where Germany produced a lot of weapons and supplies for its two battlefields. In urban warfare, food supply was used in the war. Eating is seen as an important problem in Russia.However, the yield can not be blamed so much, because there was not much loss of agricultural land in the war. For indirect reasons, the government can release a lot of paper notes (rubles) in order to bear the cost of war. As a result, inflation in the market increased fourfold in 1917 compared to 1914.
Farmers had to purchase agricultural products at very high prices. But they did not get the fair value of products produced by the middlemen. As a result, the farmers started collecting their produce and started producing only for their needs. In this way, there was a constant crisis of food in urban areas. This is why the movement demanded to increase the wages in the factory. Massive strikes started in January by the help of the Jarman. For this reason the government has to face criticism. To change the name of St. Petersburg to change the name of Petrograd. The pronunciation of the new name was much closer to the Russian language. In February 1017, public protests in the streets of Petrograd, slogans against the war. Russia’s massive losses in war wrecks Nicholas’s incompetence
The beginning of the Russian Revolution was originally on 22 January 1905. It has been identified as Bloody Sunday in history. Against the rule of Jar II Nicholas, that day a demonstration was held under the leadership of young Father Gapan. Jatar Pataoya forces came to junking the people. On that day the public was shot openly without trial. Hundreds of people were shot to death. More than a few hundred people die in horror. The people of the country burst into protest against the incident in Russia.
Strike-blockade stops the whole Russia At this time the politicians and workers demanded the rule of parliament. The farmers took possession of their land from Land owner. The soldiers announced to the people that the rebellion The soldiers of the Russian Navy started a revolt against Zaar’s rule in a naval warship. A movie was created with this rebellion. The name was ‘Battleship Potemkin’. Sergey Eisenstadt was the director of the film Workers in St. Petersburg, Russia’s one of the largest cities of Russia, form their organization Soviet. Which works for workers, demands for fair wages and rights.
The occupier Russian Revolution
Lenin was the supreme leader of the great Russian revolution in 1917. In 1887, while studying law in Kazan University, the university authorities expelled him from leading the revolutionary movement of the students. At the time, capitalism was rapidly developing. Factories were started with mechanical technology and thousands of laborers. At that time, ‘Naroddhani’ got upset against Jair’s tyranny. Narodabad is the killing of zara capitalists for establishing the labor value of the workers. Against Zarar, Lenin was always against Naroddis. He could not believe in killing and terrorism. Lenin always emphasized the concepts and theories of Marx and Engels. In 1889 he went to Samarha and formed an organization with local Marxists. In 1891, he passed the law from the University of St. Petersburg and started the law business in Samara.
He then moved to St. Petersburg and soon became the undisputed leader of the Marxists there. Get acquainted with Lenin Krupskayer here. Crupskayya was brilliant in propagating communism and revolutionary ideals among workers and peasants. At this time Narodbadis started campaigning against Lenin publicly and in order to establish their ideology as unfounded, many campaigns and explanations. Not only Naroddhidera, the so-called ‘legitimate Marxists’ also named him in the field. These legitimate Marxists were bourgeois intellectuals. They wrote in the newspapers authorized by the government and tried to adapt Marxism to the interest of the bourgeoisie. Lenin refers to the working people against this Narodist and legitimate Marxists and to contact the workers of the big mill factory to make a revolutionary Marxist party.
The Zaire government on 13 February 1897, Lenin was exiled to Siberia for three years. It was not easy for Vladimir Lenin to be there. During World War II, the government of Austria arrested Lenin on charges of espionage against the government. However, two weeks after Lenin’s supporters protested, he left for Switzerland. Ten years after the political work in secret at various places, on April 3, 1917, Lenin was able to reach Russia. Bolshevik led the revolution. In this way, the movement of the socialist state of the Soviet Union began with the hand of Lenin. The enormous transformation that the Soviet people led by the Communist Party has in them is the victory of Marx-Leninism. Lenin served as head of the Bolshevik Party of Russia from 1917 to 1924.
The beginning of the end of imperialism
After the world of 1917 and now a century, the world of 2017 is completely different. The beginning of the twentieth century was the empire’s era. The world’s dominance was in British, German, French, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Japanese. Then a large part of the world’s population is under these empires. The beginning of the end of this colonization is the beginning of the Russian Revolution. There is no other empire in the world in the next fifty years after the fall of the Zoroastrian empire. The Russian Revolution was based on the labor peasant Moitree. This strategy encouraged the gathering of peasant peasants in later colonial and semi-colonial countries.
After three decades in the direction of the Russian revolution, the revolutionary China revolution led by the Communist Party of China took place. Then it happened in Vietnam and Korea’s revolution. These revolutions have taken place in the direct continuation of anti-imperialism and the 1930s anti-fascism movement worldwide.Russian Revolution 1917 Definition Causes Summary & Facts Revolution is a fundamental social change in political power or institutional structure that occurs in a relatively short period when people revolt against the ongoing authority. Aristotle describes two types of political revolution – one change from one constitution to another, and one of the reforms of the existing constitution. The revolution happened around human history.
There is a huge change in culture, economy and socio-political institutions due to the revolution. The history of each revolution or change has been made of blood and flesh of many revolutionary people, and the excitement of sacrifice is revitalized. By giving life to a smile Russian revolution is a unique event in the history of the world. Through the Russian Revolution, the socialism promoted by German sociologist Karl Marx and the French philosopher Frederick Engel has become a realistic reality. In 1898, the Social Democratic Party in Petersburg was formed in the capital of Russia under the leadership of Lenin. Two sections of this party are Bolshevik and Menshevic. The then Russia was made up of many zones.
A huge Russian empire. But at that time the people were in a state of inhuman torture, state mismanagement, huge food shortage and losses and massive losses to Germany and Austria in the beginning of World War II, due to which people became uneasy. This led to the beginning of the Russian Revolution in 1917. Workers started the first protest. Which later spread across the country. The army joined the rebels. At the time, Zara’s second Nicholas was forced to leave the power. The interim government was formed. Then on 6 and 7 November 1917, the Bolsheviks rebelled and occupied railway stations, state banks, telephone exchanges and other government buildings. The collapse occurred in the interim Alexander Karenxie government. This is how the Russian Revolution is done.
World War I
In 1914, Russia was involved in the First World War. Russia favored Germany in the war In this war, along with the soldiers were forced to join the common peasants. Those who did not have any war training. In many cases, people were sent to war without shoes, necessary food and weapons. As a result, many people were killed. In the last three years, about two million Russian soldiers were killed and more than 50 million wounded. The Russian people accuse Zaire of this terrible loss. Earlier, the Russian army’s defeat in the Russian-Japanese war caused the people of the country to become angry. 70 thousand soldiers of Russia were killed in that war. Defeat in the war caused some to upset the Russian ruling class. Jar II Nicholas had announced the introduction of parliament rule in limited form in the year 1906 after the war. Later, the Russian people became even more mad at the loss of World War II.
After the First World War, the mass uprising took a strong form. The revolutionary forces, especially the Bolshevik party, took up the coup against Zoroastrianism. The mass uprising in the revolution takes shape. That happened in the beginning of 1917. Beginning with the hands of workers, the rebellion spread all over the country. The public participated in this rebellion. By declaring solidarity with the people, the army also declared revolt against dictatorship of Zoroastrianism. The situation is so bad that Zara’s second Nicholas was forced to quit. After that incident, Russia became the first country to become a republic. Power was handed over to the temporary government.
The head of the temporary government was made Prince Livov Later, the Chief of the Temporary Government was made Socialist lawyer Alexander Karensky. Later, Lenin-led Communist Bolshevik Party called for a movement against this temporary government. Lenin entered Germany in April in Germany.On the occasion of his visit, Lenin’s opposition parties in the procession met in Russia. Although these anti-Lenin groups also demanded the resignation of the temporary government. Lenin reappears in Finland Meanwhile, the coup led by General Cornellov took place. After this incident, many soldiers of the war took position for the Bolsheviks. Revolutionary Bolsheviks occupy Petrogate on 7 November 1917.
This is called Bolshevik Revolution. Many important buildings of the state were occupied by the revolutionaries. The new era began in the civil war in Russia, Thus, socialism was established. Russia came out of the first world war. The Soviet Union was formed in 1922. All the independent revolutionaries of the world have been inspired by the Russian Revolution.
The events of the Bolshevik revolution
The Bolshevik revolution is called the October Revolution or the November Revolution or the great October Socialist Revolution. This Bolshevik revolution is part of the Russian Revolution. According to the Julian calendar, on October 25, 1917, and according to the Gregorian calendar, this Bolshevik revolution was started on 7 November 1917. This revolution was committed by a armed coup in St. Petersburg.
The main driving force of the revolution was the working class which joined hands with the poor peasants. As a result of this revolution Russia went ahead in the political sense. That revolution freed people of one country from a sixth of the world to capitalism. Bolshevik Revolution gave social freedom for the working class and the working masses.As well as resolving Russian ethnic and common democratic problems. On October 25, 1917, the shores of the Russian bourgeoisie government were shaken at the evening, Winter Palace, Winter Palace. Arrow warships hit the roar This started by the winning attack on the Russian bourgeoisie government.
The meeting of the same smolniar is an emergency session of Petrograd Soviet. In the final precision specifications and plain language, Lenin summarizes the events. Lenin always came to say about the necessity of labor and peasant revolution. This revolution was called the Socialist Revolution, which was the systematic way of class struggle under the monopoly capitalism of social development. This led to the formation of the first socialist-oriented state on earth.
Russia’s Jar Nicholas II was forced to quit power after mass protests. After his fall, the Russian liberal and socialist parties formed the government. At that time, a young socialist Alexander Karensky was the symbol of Russia’s bright future in the western world. He is the head of interim government in July. Many important laws passed by Karensky This included ensuring religious freedom, abolishing the old hereditary title, equality of women etc. Karensky was a great speaker. On April 3, 1917, after 10 years of exile, Vladimir Lenin came to St. Petersburg or Petrograd. Soon after, the two leaders of the two leaders were in the double.
From the beginning, Lenin was calling for the expulsion of interim government. Because the government of Kerneski was a bourgeois capitalist government. According to Lenin, if a government or country is ruled by capital and there is no private ownership of the land, then it does not matter how democratic or independent the government or Republic is. Because it will be controlled by a few people whose majority will be rich, not capitalist. According to Orlando Faizes, an expert in Russian history, more contrast can not be imagined between two leaders, as much between Lenin and Karensky.
The success of the revolution
>> After a civil war, illiteracy was overcome within a decade.
>> The universal primary education system was confirmed. In addition, seven-year universal education and 10-year universal secondary education system were ensured. But at that time no other European country could launch it.
>> The extinction of the zamindari system and partnership between the poor farmers and the farmers and joint ventures was established.
>> After the revolution, all citizens are provided free treatment treatment services.
>> Removal of unemployment and job security for all, and by 1936, all employment exchanges were closed.
>> The first step of the new government was to ensure equality of women, voting rights, equal wages, maternal rights and the right to divorce.
>> Publications and exhibitions were released along with various books at the state cost, along with film, music and art.
Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labor Party is divided into two parts in 1903. The two factions are formed. One is Bolshevik and one Menshevik. Bolshevik means the majority. And Menshevik means minority. In order to achieve the majority of votes, the first group mentioned is Bolshevik. Menshevic, the other being, failed to achieve the majority. Vladimir Lenin became the leader of Bolsheviks Bolshevic became a mass organization by 1905. Whose members were the organized democracies in the internal democratic phase, which were operated in centralized democratic principles. They considered themselves to be the leader of the revolutionary working class of Russia. Their beliefs and activities are often called Bolshevikism.
On November 7, 1917, a social coup was established in Russia by the armed coup led by Bolsheviks in St. Petersburg. This historic coup is called the ‘Bolshevik Revolution’. The first socialist state that was established in the world by the hands of Bolsheviks. After the exile from the Soviet Union, revolutionary Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky used the words of Bolshevik and Bolshevist generally to express the difference between the real Leninism and the state and party led by Joseph Stalin.
The Soviet Union was a one-party communist state. The Soviet Union was formed in 1922 after the Russian Revolution. Its stability was until 1991. Until 1945, the Soviet Union was the only United States’s only rival to win. In 1991, the fall of the Soviet government formed 15 new republics. The rise of the Russian Empire came in 1917 under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin under the Russian Revolution. This revolution was known throughout the world as a Communist Revolution. As a result, the socialist state was created by the Soviet Union.
The next Soviet Union has changed at different times. The latest Soviet Union’s scope was to the Baltic States, East Poland and Basarcia. After World War II, Poland and Finland were separated from Soviet unity. The Soviet Union was viewed as the model of the socialist countries of the world. Initially there are four republics in the Soviet Union. Until the year 1991, the number of Republicans in this union was 15. The Soviet Union broke in 1991. Success in socialist societies can be achieved through rapid economic development in Soviet Union, ending unemployment, universal education through healthcare and housing and improving the public cultural quality of the people.
First Socialist Revolution
The Russian Revolution is completely different from the previous revolution in the world. In 1789 several revolution started with the French Revolution. There have been many revolutions in different episodes of past history when the new class of exploitors eradicated the rule of old exploiters. Russian revolution is called the world’s first socialist revolution. As a result, socialist camp was formed after World War II. Basically, the existence of the Soviet Union and the struggle led by the Soviet Union was to overcome fascism.
The success of the Russian revolution inspired the movement of the revolutionary working class. Under the influence of the Socialist System of the Soviet Union, after the Second World War, Western European capitalist governments were forced to launch public welfare models.Universal education and health system were introduced for the movement of workers of these countries. Equal rights of men and women are established.
Because of the revolutionary working class leadership in Russia, the Russian revolution was called the world’s first socialist revolution. Socialization of socialist means production equipments This work is done by taking up state, land and agriculture and other production materials in the state and establishing new state power with collective ownership. Because of the Russian revolution, the first new socialist system of production is established in the world.
The basis of the revolution Marxism
Marxism is a great example of the life-style, paths and methods of the invention of great Karl Marx. Marx was a very gifted, great and philosopher. He made extensive analysis of the standardization of three developed countries of the 19th century. Classical German philosophy, the classical English has coordinated the political economy and French socialism and the fundamental principles of the French Revolution. Marx has established modern materialism and the development of scientific socialism, the movement struggle of the working class and the struggle for the demand to be established in all countries of the world. The words of Marxism,
Leninism and Trotskyism are generally said to be about Marxist Revolution, who want to see new systems instead of the present system of things. It is said against reformism. Leninism is essentially an extended part of Marxism in the era of imperialism. But there are still many debates between Marxism and Leninism. Especially among the followers of Stalin, Mao or Trotsky. Trotskyism or those who follow Leon Trotsky are the continuation of Marxism and Leninism. However, many agree with Trotskyism. We see him as a continuation of Marxism and Leninism. Trotsky’s ideals and ideas are an elaborate form of Marxism and Leninism. Trotsky’s contributions to the Marxist philosophy include the scientific analysis of Stalinism and the inexhaustible creation of its thinking-minded continuous revolution.