International law

International law

Nature of International Law International law may be defined as the body of principles and rules generally recognized as binding by the community of states in their relations with one another. It defines states’ rights and the means of the procedure by which those rights may be protected, and violations of them redressed. Like other … Read more

Nature of International Relations

Nature of International Relations

Nature of International Relations. Political science is concerned with the internal organization and functions of the state and the relations of states to one another. The activities that affect states’ relations may be carried on either by private citizens and corporations or by the authorized public agents or governments of states. In the former case, … Read more

Third World in International Relations

Third World

The Third World emerged in the post-World War II era in international relations and conditions when the world was divided into opposite ideological blocs. During those days, the process of decolonization was at its zenith, as a result of which many Asian and African countries got independence, and they joined the international community as sovereign … Read more

Non-alignment Movement


As already observed in the previous article, if there is any outstanding contribution of newly independent states of Asia, Africa, and Latin America worth mentioning, it gives concrete shape to the concept of non-alignment. The concept of non-alignment gained currency in 1955 at Bandung Conference, albeit it was the uppermost in the mind of Pandit … Read more

De-Colonization and Asian African Resurgence


De-Colonization. Modern imperialism and colonialism appeared on the world’s political horizon in the fifteenth century when the European powers like Britain, France, Holland, Portugal, and Spain built their empire by over-powering backward and weak countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. These powers ruled the roost for about four hundred years throughout the world. Colonialism … Read more

New Cold War

New Cold War

The new Cold War’s origin is generally traced back to December 1979 when the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan. However, Brzezinski, the National Security Adviser of President Carter of the USA, in his article holds that it was in 1978 that things began to go wrong in the Soviet-American relationship.1 In the first half of … Read more

Causes Of Cold War

Causes of the Cold War

International relations were very much influenced by the Cold War that dominated the international scene, particularly after World War II. The two great conflicts of the second half of the twentieth century are the discord between East and West and the clash between the rich nations of the North and the developing nations of the … Read more

Types Of Foreign Policy and Choices

Types Of Foreign Policy

A nation formulates its foreign policy, keeping in view its various national interests and objectives. In this formulation, general, internal, and external determinants also play varying degrees of role. These were discussed in detail in the previous article. Under the influence of these factors, foreign policy takes different forms and shapes in different countries. This … Read more

Determinants of Foreign Policy

Determinants of Foreign Policy

Determinants of Foreign Policy. It is a known fact that government formation is essential to run a state, and no state can live without maintaining interstate relations, which have become so essential these days. Every government has to formulate a foreign policy like internal and domestic policies, industrial policy, agricultural policy, defense policy, education policy, … Read more