Saint Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian Dominican theologian and Roman Catholic saint, the foremost medieval Scholastic. He was responsible for the classical systematization of Latin theology, and, as a poet, he wrote some of the most gravely beautiful Eucharistic hymns in the church’s liturgy. Saint Thomas Aquinas The thirteenth century was marked by the culmination of papal … Read more

St. Bernard and John of Salisbury

St. Bernard and John of Salisbury

St. Bernard and John of Salisbury. Two of the leading writers of the twelfth century who dealt with the relations of church and state were St. Bernard of Clairvaux (1091-1153) 32 and John of Salisbury (1115-1180). St. Bernard was the most influential churchman of the period, although he declined all ecclesiastical honors and never became … Read more

Marcus Tullius Cicero

Marcus Tullius Cicero

Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, philosopher and Academic Skeptic, who tried to uphold optimal principles during the political crises that led to the establishment of the Roman Empire. Marcus Tullius Cicero Scarcely had the work of Polybius, praising the Roman constitution, been completed before the period of agitation and civil war … Read more

Aristotle and the Decline of Greece

Aristotle and the Decline of Greece

Aristotle and the Decline of Greece. The Greek ancient & philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history. Aristotle made significant and lasting contributions to nearly every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to biology to ethics and aesthetics. Though overshadowed in classical times by the work of his teacher Plato, … Read more

Life of Plato Philosophy and Works

Life of Plato

Life of Plato is Classical period in Ancient Greece. Founder of the Platonist school of thought and the Academy, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Plato has also often been cited as one of the founders of Western religion and spirituality He is widely considered a pivotal figure in the history … Read more

Socrates The Sophists philosopher

Socrates The Sophists philosopher

Socrates The Sophists philosopher. The contribution to political philosophy of Socrates and of his pupil Plato must be viewed in the above light. They believed that these new and corrosive doctrines were responsible for the disintegration of Greek society, which was taking place all around them. To prevent this, society had to be pulled together … Read more

Napoleon Bonaparte and the Congress of Vienna

Napoleon Bonaparte and the Congress of Vienna

Napoleon Bonaparte and the Congress of Vienna. The Treaty of Chaumont had bound the four principal allied powers Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain together in their quest to defeat Napoleon. The subsequent treaties of peace with France stated that all the former belligerent countries should send delegates to a congress in Vienna. Early Days … Read more

Thomas Hobbes Moral and Political Philosophy

Thomas Hobbes Moral and Political Philosophy

Thomas Hobbes Moral and Political Philosophy:- It was the logic of local events which drove the leaders of parliament to claim and exercise a sovereign power which was alike contrary to their own preconceived ideas and to the traditions of the English constitution. Neither the desire for logical consistency nor a philosophical perception of the … Read more

Jean Bodin on Sovereignty

Jean Bodin

Most of the books on politics produced in France in the last quarter of the sixteenth century were controversial tracts, without detachment and without philosophical originality. There was one work, however, the Six livres de la république, published by Jean Bodin in 1576, of less ephemeral nature. This book also was occasioned by the civil … Read more

Niccolo Machiavelli The Father of Modern Political Science

Niccolo Machiavelli The Father of Modern Political Science

Niccolo Machiavelli The Father of Modern Political Science. The failure of the conciliar party to carry the principles and practice of medieval constitutionalism into the church anticipated by only a generation or two a general recession of representative institutions in the state. And the revival of papal absolutism in the middle of the fifteenth century, … Read more