Rights And Power

Rights And Power

Rights And Power: We reach here a problem perhaps as difficult as any in the realm of political science.  A government, I have argued, is limited by the purposes that it serves. It has no moral authority to act ultra vires those purposes. It has no authority, for instance, to invade the right to freedom … Read more

The Realisation Of Rights

The Realisation Of Rights

The Realisation Of Rights: So armed, the citizen might hope to confront the State with at least the prospect of self-realisation. But it, is, of course, one thing to postulate these rights as essential, it is another thing to ensure their realisation. And that raises the central issue of the position of the State in … Read more

Rights And The State

Rights And The State

Rights And The State: Rights so discussed seem to imply a State and an individual which strike a balance between their mutual claims. This is, in fact, to state the problem of rights in a fashion too narrow to express with accuracy the environment we encounter. For it is not merely as a member of … Read more

The Nature Of Rights

The Nature Of Rights

The Nature Of Rights: Every State is known by the rights that it maintains. Our method of judging its character lies, above all, in the contribution that it makes to the substance of man’s happiness. The State, therefore, is not, at least for political philosophy, simply a sovereign organization with the power to get its … Read more

The End Of The State

The end of The State

From such an outlook we may derive a sense of the purpose embodied in the State. In this aspect it becomes an organization for enabling the mass of men to realize social good on the largest possible scale. Necessarily, it is clear, its functions are confined to promoting certain uniformities of conduct and the area … Read more

Definition of Law

Definition of Law

Definition of Law: In ordinary usage the term “law” is applied to any principle that is fixed, or uniform, or generally followed. It is often applied to the sequence of cause and effect observed in the world of natural phenomena. Thus, we speak of the law of gravitation, or of falling bodies, or of chemical … Read more

Civil and political rights

Civil and political rights

Sovereignty and Liberty: A discussion of sovereignty  with civil and political rights leads naturally to a consideration of liberty. Sovereignty represents the authority of the state, liberty, the freedom of the individual The proper relation between the individual and the state has long been a problem on Which great thinkers have differed. Weather the individual … Read more

Sovereignty

Sovereignty

Nature of Sovereignty: The relation of state to state, of a state to its citizens, and of one citizen to another can be understood only after a further discussion of that characteristic which distinguishes the state from all other organizations, its sovereignty. Such discussion leads naturally to the corollary of state sovereignty, namely, individual liberty. … Read more

Theory of the State

The theory of the state. Early social organizations arose spontaneously from the needs of mankind and, for a long time, grew without conscious direction. Later a point was reached when man began to examine his beliefs and his social customs and institutions, to question their authority, and finally to plan deliberate changes and progress. Of … Read more